ABOUT BOM SPECIES LIST BUTTERFLY HISTORY PIONEER LEPIDOPTERISTS METHODS
Albanese, Gene, Peter D. Vickery, and Paul R. Sievert. 2007a. “Habitat characteristics of adult frosted elfins (Callophrys irus) in sandplain communities of southeastern Massachusetts, USA” Biological Conservation 136 (1), pp 53-64
Albanese, Gene, Michael W. Nelson, Peter D. Vickery and Paul R. Sievert, 2007b. Larval Feeding Behavior and Ant Association in Frosted Elfin, Callophrys irus (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 61(2) 61-66.
Albanese, Gene, Peter D. Vickery, and Paul R. Sievert. 2007c. “Microhabitat use by larvae and females of a rare barrens butterfly frosted elfin (Callophrys irus) Journal of Insect Conservation . Published on line July 19, 2007 at http://www.springerlink.com/content/75416v6462567q2g/
Allen, Thomas J. 1997. The Butterflies of West Virginia and Their Caterpillars. Pittsburg: University of Pittsburg Press.
Angelo, Ray. 1984. Botanical Index to the Journal of Henry David Thoreau. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books.
Arey, Matthew. 2003-2010. Posts to ‘masslep,’ and personal communications.
Asher, Jim, Martin Warren, Richard Fox, Paul Harding, Gail Jeffcoate, and Stephen Jeffcoate. 2001. The Millenium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Benner, Bill. 2010. “Massachusetts Rarities.” Massachusetts Butterflies 34: 2-19.
Benner, Bill. 2011. "Rearing the Giant Swallowtail." Massachusetts Butterflies 37: 32-34.
BioMap 2: Conserving the biodiversity of Massachusetts in a Changing World. 2010. Mass. Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, NHESP, and Nature Conservancy.
Breed, Greg A., Stichter, S., and Crone, E. 2012. Climate-driven changes in northeastern US butterfly communities. Nature Climate Change. August 19.
Boggs, Carol L. 2003. “Environmental Variation, Life Histories, and Allocation,” pp 185-206 of Boggs, Carol L., Ward B. Watt, and Paul R. Ehrlich, Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight. University of Chicago Press.
Boisduval, J.B.A. D. and J.E. Le Conte. 1829 . Histoire generale et iconographie des Lepidopteres et des chenilles de l’Amerique septentrionale. Paris, 228 pp.
Brown, Lenny. 2002-2012. Field Notes, Connecticut Butterflies. Connecticut Butterfly Association. http://www.ctbutterfly.org.
Burns, J. M. 1985. Wallengrenia otho and W. egeremet in Eastern North America (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D. C., No. 423.
Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]. 2010. Opler, Paul A., Kelly Lotts, and Thomas Naberhaus, coordinators. Bozeman, MT: Big Sky Institute. http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org
Calhoun, John V. 2003. “The History and True Identity of Melitaea ismeria (Nymphalidae): A Remarkable Tale of Duplication, Misinterpretation and Presumption.” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 57(3): 204-219.
Calhoun, John V. 2004. “Histoire Generale et iconographie des Lepidopteres et des Chenilles de L’Amerique Septentrionale by Boisduval & Le Conte (1829-): Original Drawings Used for the Engraved Plates and the True Identities of Four Figured Taxa. » Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 58 (3): 143-168
Calhoun, John V. 2006a. “A Glimpse into a ‘Flora et Entomologica’: The Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia by J. E. Smith and J. Abbot (1797). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 60(1) 2006, 1-37.
Calhoun, John V. 2006b. “John Abbot’s ‘Lost’ Drawings for John E. Le Conte in the American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia.” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 60 (4): 211-217
Calhoun, John V. 2007. "The Manuscripts of Thaddeus William Harris (1795-1856)." News of the Lepidopterists' Society, Vol. 49, No. 4. Winter 2007.
Calhoun, John V. 2009a. “In the Interest of Stability: What is Hesperia origenes F. (Hesperiidae)? News of the Lepidopterists' Society, Vol 51, No. 4 Winter 2009 pp 119-123.
Calhoun, John V. 2009b. “The Complex History of “Insects Injurious to Vegetation by Thaddeus W. Harris, with a Date Correction and Lectotype Designation for Vanessa Comma Harris (Nymphalidae).” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 63 (3): 154-163.
Calhoun, John V. 2010a. “An Overlooked 18th Century List of North American Lepidoptera.” News of the Lepidopterists’ Society 52 (1): 3-5; 16-20. Spring.
Calhoun, John V. 2010b. “Affirmation of the Name Papilio hyllus Cramer (Lycaenidae) for a Nearctic Butterfly, with the Designation of a Neotype.” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 64(2), 2010, 79-90. July.
Cardé, Ring T., Arthur M. Shapiro, and Harry K. Clench. 1970. Sibling species in the eurydice group of Lethe (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Psyche 77(1): 70-103.
Cassie, Brian. 1993. “The White M Hairstreak (Parhassius m-album) in Massachusetts: Notes....” Massachusetts Butterflies No 1, February, p. 15 .
Cassie, Brian. 1995. “Just How Many Rarities are Out There?” Massachusetts Butterflies No. 5, February.
Cassie, Brian. 1999. “1998 Invasion of Cloudless Sulphurs.” Massachusetts Butterflies No. 12: 3-5.
Cassie, Brian. 2004. "2003 Butterfly Year in Review." Massachusetts Butterflies No. 22: 11-18.
Cech, Rick, and Guy Tudor. 2005. Butterflies of the East Coast: An Observer’s Guide. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Champagne, Madeline. 2014. "Frosted Elfin Flights in Foxboro." Massachusetts Butterflies No. 42: 26-30.
Chew, Frances S. 1980. "Natural Interspecific Pairing between Pieris virginiensis and P. napi oleracea (Pieridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(2), 1980, 259-261.
Chew, Frances S. 1981. Coexistence and local extinction in two pierid butterflies. American Naturalist 118(5): 655-672.
Chew, Frances S., R. Van Driesche and R. Casagrande. 2012. A Native Butterfly Confronts Exotic Plants and Parasitoids. Massachusetts Butterflies 39, Fall.
Clark, Austin H. 1925. “Some Unusual and Interesting Butterflies From Eastern Massachusetts.” Psyche XXXII, No. 6, pp. 293-298, December 1925.
Clark, Austin H. 1926. “Notes on the Odors of Some New England Butterflies” Psyche XXXII, No. 1: pp. 1-2, February.
Clark, Austin Hobart. 1913. “Three Interesting Butterflies from Eastern Massachusetts.” Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol. 45, pp 363-364, with Plate 32.
Courant, A. V., A.E. Holbrook, E. D. van der Reijden, and F. S. Chew. 1994. “Native Pierine Butterfly (Pieridae) Adapting to Naturalized Crucifer? Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 48(2): 168-170.
Cullina, William. 2002. Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Cullina, Melissa Dow, B. Connolly, B. Sorrie and P. Somers. 2011. The Vascular Plants of Massachusetts: A County Checklist, First Revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage and Endangered species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.
Crozier, L. 2002. “Climate change and its effects on species range boundaries: a case study of the sachem skipper butterfly Atalopedes campestris.” pp. 57-91 of Schneider, S. H. and T. L. Root, Wildlife Responses to Climate Change. Washington D. C.: Island Press.
Dana, Mrs. William Starr. 1898. [First published 1893.] How to Know the Wild Flowers. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
Davis, William E. Jr. 2002. “Charles Johnson Maynard: The Enigmatic Naturalist.” Bird Observer 30: 3, June. pp 172-181
Denton Brothers butterfly collection. Wellesley Historical Society, Wellesley, MA. [consulted 1999, 2000]
Denton, Shelley W. 1895. “Local Butterfly Notes,” Psyche Vol. 7, No. 231, p. 263.
Dethier, V.G. 1959. Food-Plant Distribution and Density and Larval Dispersal as Factors Affecting Insect Populations. Canadian Entomology 91 (9): 581-596.
Dirig, Robert. and J. F. Cryan. 1991. "The status of Silvery Blue subspecies (Glaucopsyche lygdamus lygdamus and G. l. couperi) (Lycaenidae) in New York." Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 45: 272-290.
Dodd, Thomas. 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003. “Season Summary and Records, 1998-2002” Massachusetts Butterflies Nos. 12-20.
Dunford, James C. 2005. "Chasing Greater Fritillaries: The Rise of Atlantis." American Butterflies 13: 2, Summer, 14-25.
Dworkin, Patricia M. 2009. Efforts to Restore the Baltimore Checkerspot (Euphydryas phaeton) in Maryland. News of the Lepidopterists' Society Vol. 51, No. 1. Spring.
Ehrlich, Paul R. and Peter H. Raven. 1964. “Butterflies and Plants: A Study in Coevolution.” Evolution, Vol 18, No 4, Dec. pp 586-608.
Ehrlich, Paul R. and Dennis D. Murphy. 1982. “Butterfly Nomenclature: A Critique” Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, Vol 20, No. 1, Spring 1981(82). pp 1-11.
Elliott, Clark A. 2008. Thaddeus William Harris (1795-1856): Nature, Science and Society in the Life of an American Naturalist. Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Lehigh University Press.
Emmel, Thomas C., Marc C. Minno and Boyce A. Drummond 1992. Florissant Butterflies: A Guide to the Fossil and Present-Day Species of Central Colorado. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Fairbrother, Mark. 2009. “Frosted Elfin and Wild Lupine: Habitat Restoration and Enhancement at Turners Falls Airport.” Massachusetts Butterflies 32 (16-19). Spring.
Farquhar, Donald W. 1934. The Lepidoptera of New England. Harvard University, Ph.D. dissertation.
Ferster, Betty. 2005. “Regal Fritillaries: News From the Eastern Front.” American Butterflies Vol 13: No. 3, pp 4-12. Fall.
Finkbeiner, S., R. Reed, R. Dirig, and J. Losey. 2011. "The
Role of Environmental Factors in the Northeastern Range Expansion of Papilio
cresphontes Cramer (Papilionidae)." Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society
65 (2), pp. 119-125.
Forbes, Wm. T. M. 1909. “Notes on a Few of the Rarer new England Lepidoptera.” Psyche XVI, pp. 134-6.
Forbes, Wm. T. M. 1936. “The persius group of Thanaos.” Psyche 43: 104-113.
Forbes, Wm. T. M. 1960. The Lepidoptera of New York and Neighboring States. IV. Agaristidae Through Nymphalidae, Including Butterflies. Memoir 371. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca, N.Y.
Forister, M.L. et al. 2010. Compounded effects of climate change and habitat alteration shift patterns of butterfly diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. DOI: 10, 1073/pnas.0909686107.
Forster, Richard. 1994. “1993 Cloudless Sulphur Flight,” Massachusetts Butterflies No. 3, February, 16-18.
Forster, Richard. 1995. “Ocola Skipper in Massachusetts,” Massachusetts Butterflies No. 5, February.
Forster, Richard. 1997. “A New Site Location for Hessel’s Hairstreak (Callophrys hesseli) with Notes on its Distribution and Behavior in Massachusetts,” Massachusetts Butterflies No. 8, February.
Friedlander, T. 1987. “Taxonomy, Phylogeny, and Biogeography of Asterocampa Röber 1916 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Apaturinae)” J of Res Lep 25: 4: 215-337 Winter 1986 (1987).
Fourth of July Butterfly Count Circles Map, 2006. Massachusetts Butterflies 27: 18, Fall.
Gach, Martha. “Growing Jewels—Managing for Harris’ Checkerspot and other Lepidoptera.” Massachusetts Butterflies 30: 2-12.
Glassberg, Jeffrey 1989: “Searching for Bronze Coppers in the New York Area.” Mulberry Wing, 5(1): 3.]
Glassberg, Jeffrey. 1993. Butterflies through Binoculars: A Field Guide to Butterflies in the Boston-New York-Washington Region. New York: Oxford University Press.
Glassberg, Jeffrey. 1999. Butterflies through Binoculars: The East. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gleason, Henry A. and Arthur Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. 2nd Edition. NY: The New York Botanical Garden.
Gochfeld, Michael and Joanna Burger, 1997. Butterflies of New Jersey: A Guide to their Status, Distribution, Conservation, and Appreciation. New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press.
Goldstein, Paul Z. 1997. “Lepidopteran Assemblages and the Management of Sandplain Communities on Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts.” Pp. 217-236 in Peter D. Vickery and Peter W. Dunwiddie, eds., Grasslands of Northeastern North America. Massachusetts Audubon Society.
Hagen, R.H., R.C. Lederhouse, J.L. Bossart and J.M. Scriber. 1991. Papilio Canadensis and P. glaucus (Papilionidae) are distinct species. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 45: 245-258.
Harris, Lucien. 1972. Butterflies of Georgia. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Harris, Thaddeus William. n.d. “List of Insects Collected near Boston between 1820 and 1826.” Mayr Library, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. (Note: this list includes comments, specimen number and cabinet number; associated papers include descriptions, which seem to form the basis of those that would appear in his collection Index, and in the 1841 edition of his Report on Insects Injurious to Vegetation.)
Harris, Thaddeus William. 1820-1850. Index Lepidopterum. List of Insect Specimens in the Harris Collection, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University.
Harris, Thaddeus William. 1841. Reprinted 1970. Report of the Insects of Massachusetts Injurious To Vegetation. New York: Arno Press Inc.
Harris, Thaddeus William. 1862. A Treatise on some of the Insects Injurious To Vegetation. A new edition. New York: Orange Judd and Company.
Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, butterfly collections. http://mcz.harvard.edu
Heitzman, John Richard. 1964. “The Early Stages of Euphyes vestris.” Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 3(3): 151-3, September.
Heitzman, J. Richard and Robert L. Heitzman. 1969. “Hesperia metea Life History Studies (Hesperiidae).” Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 8(4): 187-193. (1970).
Heitzman, J. R. 1974. “Atrytonopsis hianna biology and life history in the Ozarks.” Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 13:239-45.
Holland, W. J. 1905. [reprint of 1898 edition] The Butterfly Book. New York: Doubleday. [also reprinted 1914]
Hopping, Russell. 2009. “Land Stewardship and Butterfly Conservation at Weir Hill, North Andover.” Massachusetts Butterflies 32: 2-11.
Hovanitz, William. 1969. “Present and Ice Age Life Zones and Distributions” The Journal of Research no the Lepidoptera 7:1 March. pp 31-34
Howe, W. H. 1975. The Butterflies of North America. Garden City NJ: Doubleday and Co.
Iftner, David C., John A. Shuey, John V. Calhoun, 1992. Butterflies and Skippers of Ohio. The Ohio Lepidopterists Research Report No. 3, Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey. Columbus, Ohio: the Ohio State University.
Jaffe, Sam. 2009. The Caterpillars of Massachusetts 2009. Summary of Notes and Findings. Available at http://www.massbutterflies.org
Johnson, Kurt. 1992. “The palaearctic “elfin” butterflies (Lycaenidae, Theclinae).” Neue Entomologische Nachrichten Band 29 ISSN 0822-3773.
Jones, Frank Morton and Charles. P. Kimball,. 1943. The Lepidoptera of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard Islands, Massachusetts. Nantucket: The Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association.
Keeler, M. S. and F. S. Chew. 2008. “Escaping an Evolutionary Trap: preference and performance of a native insect on an exotic invasive host.” Oecologia 156: 559-568
Kiel, Warren J. 2003. The Butterflies of the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Guilford, CT: Falcon Press.
Kimball, Charles P. and Jones, F. M. 1943. see Jones, Frank Morton and Charles P. Kimball..
Kirk, Kathryn. 2003. “Conservation Assessment for Henry’s Elfin Butterfly (Callophrys henrici).” USDA Forest Service, Eastern Region. April 24.
Klots, A. B. 1951. A Field Guide to the Butterflies of North America, East of the Great Plains. Petersen Field Guide Series. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Klots, A. B. 1961. Notes on Strymon caryaevorus McDonnough (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 68: 190-198.
Krushnamegh, Kunte, C. Shea, M. L. Aardema, J. M. Scriber, T. E. Juenger, L. E. Gilbert, M. R. Kronforst. 2011. Sex Chromosome Mosaicism and Hybrid Speciation among Tiger Swallowtail Butterflies. PloS Genetics September 2001, Vol 7. Issue 9.
LaFontaine, Renee, and Marjorie Rines. 2006. “Mystic Harvesters.” Massachusetts Butterflies 27: 2-9. Fall.
Layberry, Ross A., Peter W. Hall, and J. Donald LaFontaine,. 1998. The Butterflies of Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Leach, William. 2013. Butterfly People. New York: Pantheon Books.
Leahy, C. W., B. Cassie, and R. K. Walton, eds. 2006. Massachusetts Butterfly Atlas, 1986-1990. Massachusetts Audubon Society. www.massaudubon.org/butterflyatlas.
Leighton, Anne. 1976. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. University of Massachusetts Press.
Lepidopterists Society, The. [Lep.Soc.Seas.Sum.; LSSSC] 1959-1984, 2009. Season Summaries. In News of the Lepidopterists Society, supplements. Also associated correspondence, kindly made available by M. Mello.
Lewis, July. 2008. “New Discoveries in Rhode Island.” Massachusetts Butterflies 31: 12-14. Fall.
LoPresti, Eric. 2011. "Nantucket Butterflies: Past and Present." (including 2011 checklist). Massachusetts Butterflies 37: 2-9.
LoPresti, E., A. Warren, S. Stichter and R. Eastwood. 9/28/2013. "The Historical Record of Hesperia attalus in New England." Unpub. mss.
MacLean, David B. 1990. Lycaena hyllus (Cramer) (Lycaenidae): New host and mating behavior behavior in a drought-induced population explosion.” J. of the Lepidopterists Society 44(1): 33-34.
Magee, Dennis W. and Harry E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast: A Manual of the Vascular Flora of New England and Adjacent New York. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
Maier, Chris T., Lemmon, C., Fengler, J., Schweitzer, D. F., and Reardon, R. 2011. Caterpillars on the Foliage of Conifers in the Northeastern United States (revised). USDA Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. June 2011.
Maine Butterfly Survey [MBS]. 2005- ongoing. http://mbs.umf.maine.edu (accessed 2010 and later).
Mallis, Arnold. 1971. American Entomologists. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Massachusetts, Commonwealth of. Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. Fact Sheets: Dion Skipper; Hessel's Hairstreak 6/2007; Mustard White revised 2/2010; Persius Duskywing 6/2007; Early Hairstreak 2011. M. W. Nelson. http://www.nhesp.org
Massachusetts, Commonwealth of. Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. Natural Community Fact Sheet: Atlantic White Cedar Swamps, Atlantic White Cedar Bogs. 6/2007. http://www.nhesp.org
Massachusetts Audubon Society, 2006. Massachusetts Butterfly Atlas. 1986-90. Species accounts, various authors. http://www.massaudubon.org/butterflyatlas
Massachusetts Butterfly Club, 2005. Guide to Good Butterfly Sites. Sharon Stichter, Ed. Cambridge: Massachusetts Butterfly Club.
Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1886. The Butterflies of New England. self-published.
McFarland, Kent and S. Zahendra. 2010. Vermont Butterfly Survey: Final Report to Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife. September 30.
McLachlan, Stephanie and Dawn R. Bazely. 2001. “Recovery Patterns of Understory Herbs and Their Use as Indicators of Deciduous Forest Regeneration.” Conservation Biology 15: 1, pp 98-110 . February. [violets]
Mello, Mark J. 1988. “Survey of Rare Insects on the Elizabeth Islands.” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark J. 1989. “Survey and Ecology of Speyeria idalia (Regal Fritillary) on Block Island, with notes on other species.” Report submitted to The Nature Conservancy. December.
Mello, Mark J. 1995. “Lepidoptera Survey of Grasslands and other Significant Habitats at Westover Air Force Base in Massachusetts .” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark J. 1998. “Inventory of State-Listed Lepidoptera and other Insects at Massachusetts Military Reservation [Bourne] 1996-1998.” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark J. 2000. “Inventory for State-Listed Lepidoptera and Cicindela at Montague Plain Barrens in and adjacent to Montague State Wildlife Management Area.” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark J. 2003. “Two-year Inventory of Macrolepidoptera and other Insects Inhabiting the Boston Harbor Islands National Park Area.” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark J. 2005. "Inventory of Macrolepidoptera and Other Insects in the Boston Harbor Islands National Park Area." Northeast Naturalist 12 (Special Issue 3): 99-144.
Mello, Mark J. et. al. 1999. “Survey of Francis Crane, Hyannis Ponds, and Noquochoke WMAs for State-Listed Lepidoptera (1998).” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark J. and Edward Peters. 1992. “Survey of Lepidoptera at Fort Devens with Notes on Sudbury Annex.” Dartmouth, Ma.: Lloyd Center for Environmental Studies.
Mello, Mark, and Tor Hansen, 2004. Butterflies Across Cape Cod Brewster: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History.
Miller, L. D. and F. M. Brown, 1981. A catalogue/checklist of the butterflies of America north of Mexico. The Lepidopterists’ Society, Memoir No. 2.
Mooreside, P., D. Zercher, and P. McElhenny, 2006 “Diurnal Herbivory Documented for Speyeria idalia (Nymphalidae) Larvae on Viola sagittata (Violaceae) in Pennsylvania” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 60: 3 ,176-8.
Morse, A. P. 1925. “Some Rarities from Essex County, Mass.” Psyche XXXII , No. 6, December 1925, p. 298.
Mullen, Sean. P., Erik B. Dopman and Richard G. Harrison. 2008. Hybrid Zone Origins, Species Boundaries, and the Evolution of Wing Pattern Diversity in a Polytypic Species Complex of North American Admiral Butterflies (Nymphalidae: Limenitis). Evolution 62-6: 1400-1417.
NatureServe. 2009. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (accessed: 2010, 2011, 2012).
Nelson, Michael. 2004. "Identifying the Hickory Hairstreak," Massachusetts Butterflies 22, Spring, pp. 2-5.
New Hampshire Natural Heritage Bureau. [NHNat.Her.] 2010. “Rare Animal List for New Hampshire.” July. http://www.nhdfl.org/library/pdf/Natural%20Heritage/TrackingList-AnimalGeneral.pdf
Nielsen, Erik. 2005 – 2010. “Season Summary and Records 2004-2009.” Massachusetts Butterflies [MB] Nos. 24 – 34.
Nielsen, Erik. 2008. Flight Chart for Massachusetts Butterflies. http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabambc/flight-dates-chart.asp Reproduced on Checklist of the Butterflies of Massachusetts, MBC, 2009.
North American Butterfly Association [NABA]. 1993-2009. NABA Butterfly Count Reports. Order from www.naba.org
North American Butterfly Association [NABA]. 2001. Checklist and English Names of North American Butterflies. 2nd Edition.
O’Donnell, Jane E., Lawrence F. Gall, David L. Wagner. 2007. The Connecticut Butterfly Atlas. State Geological and Natural History Survey, Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford, Ct.
Opler, Paul A. and George O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies East of the Great Plains: An Illustrated Natural History. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Opler, Paul A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies. Peterson Field Guides. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Paine, Thomas M.. 1991. Growing Paines: Paternal Patterns and Matrimonial Matters in a Family Boston Born and Bred. Wellesley, Ma.
Parker, H. W. 1874. “Novelties in Amherst, Mass. Psyche Vol. 1, No 7, November, p. 26.
Parmesan, C. 1996. Climate and species’ range. Nature 382: 765-766.
Parmesan, C., N. Ryrholm, C. Stefanescu, J.K. Hill, C.D. Thomas, H. Descimon, B. Huntley, L. Kaila, J. Kullberg, T. Tammaru, J. Tennant, J.A. Thomas, and M. Warren. 1999. “Polewards shifts in geographic ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming.” Nature 399: 579-583.
Parmesan, Camille. 2003. “Butterflies as Bioindicators for Climate Change Effects.” In Carol R. Boggs, Ward B. Watt and Paul R. Ehrlich, eds., Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp 541-560.
Parmesan, C. 2006. Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 37: 637-669.
Pavulaan, Harry. nd. various personal communications and posts on masslep.
Pavulaan, Harry. 1999. “On Watch for the Sachem Skipper,” Massachusetts Butterflies 12: February, 34-36.
Pavulaan, Harry. 2005. "Brood Flight Periods of Rhode Island Butterflies." available at www.asri.org
Pavulaan, Harry, and David W. Gregg. 2007. Checklist of Rhode Island Butterflies. Rhode Island Natural History Survey. Available at http://www.rinhs.org/2007/08/06/butterflychecklist/
Pavulaan, H. and D. M. Wright. 2002. Pterourus appalachiensis (Papilionidae: Papilioninae), a new swallowtail butterfly from the Appalachian region of the United States. The Taxonomic Report 3: 1-20.
Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada. J. of Research on the Lepidoptera, Vol. 40.
Pelikan, Matthew L. 1999. "A Look at the Juniper Hairstreak on Martha's Vineyard." Massachusetts Butterflies 12 (February 1999).
Pelikan, Matthew L. 2002. Checklist of the Butterflies of Martha’s Vineyard. Vineyard Haven: Martha’s Vineyard Sandplain Restoration Project.
Pfitsch, William. A. and Ernest H. Williams. 2009. "Habitat Restoration for Lupine and Specialist Butterflies." Restoration Ecology, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 226-233. March.
Platt, A. P. 1983. “Evoluton of North American Admiral Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).” Bull. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 29, 3: 10-23.
Platt, A. P. and J. F. Allen. 2001. "Sperm precedence and competition in doubly-mated Limenitis arthemis-astyanax butterflies (Rhopalocera: Nymphalidae)." Ecology and Population Biology 94 (5): 654-663.
Polgar, C.A., R.B. Primack, S. Stichter, C. Hitchcock, and E. Williams. 2013. Climate effects on the flight period of Lycaenid butterflies in Massachusetts. Biological Conservation 160: 25-31. February 12.
Pollard, E. and Yates, T. J. 1993. Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. London: Chapman and Hall.
Porter. A. 1994. “Implications of the Introduced Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) in the habitat of Pieris virginiensis (Pieridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 48 (2): 171-2.
Pratt, Gordon, G. Ballmer, and D. M. Wright. 2011. "Allozyme Based Phylogeny of North American Callophrys (S.L.) (Lycaenidae)." Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 65 (4): 205-222.
Reiff, William. 2010. “Argynnis Cybele Fabr. Forma Bartschii F. nov.” Psyche vol. XVII, No. 6, Dec. 1910: 252-255.
Reis, Leslie, and Sean Mullen. 2007. "Red-spotted Admiral/Pipevine Swallowtail: Surprising discoveries from 4th of July Counts." American Butterflies 15: 3/4, Fall/Winter.
Robbins, Robert K. 1994. “Naming Hairstreaks,” American Butterflies 2 (3):28-31. August.
Robertson-Miller, Ellen. 1912. The Butterfly and Moth Book. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
Root, Oscar M. and Donald W. Farquhar. 1948. The Butterflies of the Andover, Mass., Essex County, Region. (from Dr. Farquhar’s 1934 manuscript, “The Lepidoptera of New England”, with added notes on specimens from the Andover area).
Russell, Howard S. 1982. A Long, Deep Furrow: Three Centuries of Farming in New England. Abridged Edition. U. Press of N.E.
Schweitzer, Dale. 1992. “Incisalia irus Revisited: A Response to Reverend Ronald Gatrelle.” News of the Lepidopterists’ Society, No 4, July/August. pp. 69-70.
Schweitzer, Dale. 1993. “Regal Fritillaries in the East.” American Butterflies Vol. 1, No. 1, p. 9.
Schweitzer, Dale F., Marc C. Minno, and David L. Wagner. 9/2011. Rare, Declining and Poorly Known Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera) of Forests and Woodlands in the Eastern United States. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
Scott, James A. 1986. The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Scott, James A. and Ray E. Stanford. 1981. “Geographic Variation and Ecology of Hesperia leonardus (Hesperiidae).” The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20(1): 18-35. Spring.
Scriber, J. Mark, Mark Deering and Aram Stump. 2003. “Hybrid Zone Ecology and Tiger Swallowtail Trait Clines in North America.” Pp. 367-391 of Carol R. Boggs, Ward B. Watt and Paul R. Ehrlich, eds., Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1862. [1864.] “A List of the Butterflies of New England.” Proceedings of the Essex Institute, Vol. 3, pp 161-179. March 10, 1862. [Some sources give the date as 1864, but the original copies of the Proceedings are clearly dated 1862.]
Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1872. “A Systematic revision of some of the American Butterflies, with brief notes on those known to occur in Essex County, Massachusetts.” Salem: Salem Press.
Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1897. Frail Children of the Air: Excursions into the World of Butterflies. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co.
Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1889. The Butterflies of the Eastern United States and Canada, with Special Reference to New England. Vol I-III. Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1965. “Ecological and behavioral notes on Hesperia metea and Atrytonopsis hianna [Hesperiidae].” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 19 (4): 215-222.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1966. Butterflies of the Delaware Valley. Special Publication of the American Entomological Society.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1970a. “The biology of Poanes viator (Hesperiidae) with the description of a new subspecies.” The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 9:2 (111-125). June.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1970b. “Postglacial biogeography and the distribution of Poanes viator and other marsh butterflies.” The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 9: 3 (125-155), September.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1974. Butterflies and Skippers of New York State. Search Agriculture, Vol 4, No. 3. Cornell University, coll of Ag and Life Sciences, Ithaca NY.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1977. “Evidence for two routes of post-pleistocene dispersal in Poanes viator (Hesperiidae).” The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16:3 (173-175). September.
Shapiro, Arthur M. 1979. Erynnis baptisiae (Hesperidae) on Crown Vetch (Leguminosae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 33:258.
Shapiro, Arthur M. and R.T. Carde 1970. “Habitat selection and competition among sibling species of Satyrid butterflies.” Evolution 24:48-54.
Shuey, John A. 1985. “Habitat Associations of Wetland Butterflies Near the Glacial Maxima in Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan.” The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 24:2 (176-186) Summer.
Shuey, John A. 2008. “NatureServe and the Natural Heritage program Network” News of the Lepidopterists’ Society 50:1 Spring, pp 17-19.
Sorenson, W. Conner. 1995. Brethren of the Net: American Entomology, 1840-1880. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.
Sorrie, Bruce A. and Paul Somers. 1999. The Vascular Plants of Massachusetts: A County Checklist. Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, NHESP.
Soule, Caroline G. 1894. (Papilio philenor in Nonquitt, Mass.) Psyche Vol 7, No. 222, p. 155.
Sperling, Felix. 1993. “Mitochondrial DNA variation and Haldane’s rule in the Papilio glaucus and P. Troilus species groups.” Heredity 71: 227-233.
Sperling, Felix. 1996. “Black” Swallowtails of North America: zelicaon, machaon and zen koan.” American Butterflies 4:1, Spring, pp 10-17.
Sperling, Felix. 2003. Butterfly Molecular Systematics: From Species Definitions to Higher-Level Phylogenies. In Boggs, Carol L., Ward B. Watt,, and Paul R. Ehrlich, Butterflies: Ecology and Evolution Taking Flight 2003 University of Chicago Press, pp. 431-458.
Sperling, F. A. H. and R. G. Harrison. 1994. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation within and between species of the Paplio machaon group of swallowtail butterflies. Evolution 48: 408-422.
Spomer, S. M., L. G. Higley, T.T. Orwig, G. L. Selby and L.J. Young. 1993. Clinal variation in Hesperia leonardus (Hesperiidae) in the Loess Hills of the Missouri River valley.” Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 47: 291-302.
Sprague, F. H. 1879a. “Notes from Wollaston, Mass.” The Canadian Entomologist. XI, 46-47.
Sprague, F. H. 1879b. “Notes on Butterflies of Massachusetts.” Psyche Vol II, No. 64, August. pp. 257-60.
Stichter, Sharon. 2004. “Pipevine Swallowtails in New England.” Massachusetts Butterflies 23: 18-19.
Stichter, Sharon. 2008. “A Species to Watch – Harris’ Checkerspot.” Massachusetts Butterflies 30: 13-19.
Stichter, Sharon. 2009a. “Searching for the Dion Skipper.” Massachusetts Butterflies 33: 10-16.
Stichter, Sharon. 2009b. “Thoreau’s Butterflies.” Massachusetts Butterflies 33: 2-9.
Stichter, Sharon. 2011. "Henry's Elfin Adopts a New Host Plant." Massachusetts Butterflies 37: 10-13.
Stichter, Sharon. 2013a. "Range expansion of Zabulon Skipper, Poanes zabulon (Boisduval & LeConte ) (Hesperiidae) in Massachusetts." News of the Lepidopterists' Society 55: 1, Spring.
Stichter, Sharon. 2013b. "Twentieth century range expansions in Massachusetts." News of the Lepidopterists' Society 55:3, Fall.
Stichter, Sharon, and Erik Nielsen. 2007. “Towards a New Massachusetts Checklist.” Massachusetts Butterflies 28, Spring: 2-15.
Tudor, Guy and Michael Gochfeld. 2003. “Lance-leaved Violet (Viola lanceolata), the Presumed Hostplant for Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene myrina) in central New Jersey.” News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45: 1 Spring, p. 21
Tyning, T. 2012. “Edna Dunbar: A Remembrance.” Massachusetts Butterflies 38, Spring.
van Dyck. H. et al. 2009. Declines in common, widespread butterflies in a landscape under intense human use. Conservation Biology 23:957-965.
Vermont Butterfly Survey 2002-2007 [VBS]. Vermont Center for Ecosystem Studies. http://www.vtecostudies.org/VBS/species.html
Wade, J. S. 1926. “The Friendship of Two Old-Time Naturalists.” The Scientific Monthly, AAAS, 22 (1926): 159.
Wagner, David L. 1995. “Rearing Regals for Reintroduction: Playing the Odds But Still Losing Ground.” American Butterflies 3: 2 Summer 1995. pp. 19-23.
Wagner, David L. 2005. Caterpillars of Eastern North America: A Guide to Identification and Natural History. Princeton Field Guides. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Wagner, D. L. 2007. "Butterfly Conservation." Pp. 289-309 of O'Donnell, Jane E., Lawrence F. Gall and David L. Wagner, The Connecticut Butterfly Atlas. State Geological and Natural History Survey, Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford, Ct.
Wagner, David L., Matthew S. Wallace, George H. Boettner and Joseph S. Elkinton. 1997. “Status Update and Life History Studies on the Regal Fritillary (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae).” Pp. 261-275 in Grasslands of Northeastern North America. Peter D. Vickery and Peter W. Dunwiddie, eds., Massachusetts Audubon Society.
Wagner, David L., Michael W. Nelson, Dale F. Schweitzer, 2003. “Shrubland Lepidoptera of southern New England and southeastern New York: ecology, conservation, and management. “ Forest Ecology and Management 185: 95-112.
Wander, Sharon and Wade Wander. 2009. “Wings on Edge: Threatened and Endangered Butterflies of New Jersey.” American Butterflies 17:3, Fall, pp. 14-23.
Warren, A.D., K. J. Davis, N. V. Grishin, J. P. Pelham, E. M. Stangeland. 2011. "Interactive Listing of American Butterflies." http://www.butterfliesofamerica.com
Webster, Reginald P. and Phillip G. deMaynadier. 2005. A Baseline Atlas and Conservation Assessment of the Butterflies of Maine. Maine Butterfly Atlas http://mbs.umf.maine.edu
Weed, Clarence M. 1919 . Butterflies Worth Knowing. Garden City: Doubleday, Page and Co.
Williams, Barry. 1999. “Regal Fritillaries in a Tailspin.” American Butterflies. Vol 7, No. 4 Winter. pp. 6-23.
Williams, Ernest H. 2002. “Harris’ Checkerspot: A Very Particular Butterfly.” American Butterflies, Vol 10, No. 2 Summer pp 18-25.
Williams, Ernest H., S. B. Stichter, C. Hitchcock, C. A. Polgar, & R. B. Primack. 2014. Phenological advancement of Lycaenid butterflies in Massachusetts. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 68 (3): 167-174.
Willis, C. G., Ruhfel, B., Primack, R. B., Miller-Rushing, A. J., and Davis C. C. 2008. “Phylogenetic patterns of species loss in Thoreau’s Woods are driven by climate change.” Proc. Natl. Acad. of Science USA 106: 17029-33.
Winter, Dave. 1992. “Malathion Follow-up.” News of the Lepidopterists Society. No. 4 July-August. p. 74.
Wright, D. M. 1983. Life History and morphology of the immature stages of the bog copper butterfly Lycaena epixanthe (Boid & LeC) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 22 (1) 47-100.
Yale University, Yale Peabody Museum, entomology collection list available at http://peabody.yale.edu/collections/search-collections.
Zirlin, Harry. 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2005-6. “Taxonomists Just Wanna Have Fun: Native American Namebearers.” American Butterflies 3: ( 1): 33-35 Spring 1995; “Taxonomists Just Wanna Have Fun: Native American Namebearers, Part 2." American Butterflies 13 (4): 38-41 Winter 2005/6; “Taxonomists Just Wanna Have Fun: Oh, Those Poetic Duskywings!" American Butterflies 1(3): 21-23, August 1993; “Taxonomists Just Wanna Have Fun: Fauns, Satyrs and Nymphs Still Inhabit our Woodlands.” American Butterflies 2 (3): 25-27 August 1994; “Taxonomists...... A Place in the Sun.” American Butterflies 7 (4): 40-42 Winter 1999.
page updated 11-23-2014
ABOUT BOM SPECIES LIST BUTTERFLY HISTORY PIONEER LEPIDOPTERISTS METHODS